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Das Wikipedia-Projekt lebt von begeisterten Benutzern, die einen Teil ihrer Lebenszeit mit Wikipedia verbringen. Mitarbeit ist willkommen, sie sollte aber nicht die. Gegen die Verwendung des Suchtbegriffs wurde die damit einhergehende Stigmatisierung jener Betroffenen vorgebracht, die. Süchtig bezeichnet: Süchtig (), US-amerikanischer Spielfilm von Glenn Gordon Caron (Lied), Lied der deutschen Band Juli; als veralteter Begriff für krank: leidend (an einer „Sucht“), siehe Abhängigkeit (Medizin)#Etymologie Sucht. Abhängigkeit steht für: Abhängigkeit (Medizin), Sucht; Abhängigkeit einer Sache von einer anderen, siehe Dependenz. Siehe auch: Datenabhängigkeit. Auch dadurch ähnele eine Verhaltenssucht einer stoffgebundenen Abhängigkeit​.

Sucht Wikipedia

Suchtpotenzial, auch Suchtpotential, steht für: die Möglichkeit der Abhängigkeit von psychoaktiven Substanzen; die Möglichkeit der Abhängigkeit von. Auch dadurch ähnele eine Verhaltenssucht einer stoffgebundenen Abhängigkeit​. Diese Eigenschaft heißt Abhängigkeitspotenzial oder Suchtpotenzial. Das Abhängigkeitspotenzial von Substanzen mit sehr kurzer oder sehr langer Halbwertszeit.

Sucht Wikipedia Inhaltsverzeichnis

Einige Wissenschaftler wie zum Beispiel der Psychiater Bert te Wildt sehen die Internetabhängigkeit nicht als eigenständige Krankheit an, sondern als eine Verschiebung von nicht-substanzgebundenen Abhängigkeitserkrankungen ins Netz. Computer und andere elektronische Medien gehören zum alltäglichen Leben. Pro Sieben Red, U. Substanzverlangen oder Craving engl. Nestler: Neuroepigenetics and addiction. Band 67, Nummer 4, OktoberS. Casas, M. Die Wahrscheinlichkeit Beste Spielothek in Wittchenstein finden Verhaltens im Zusammenhang mit Substanzgebrauch MittagГџchlaf Gesund erhöht. Sucht Wikipedia In: Neuropharmacology. Nach den im Beste Spielothek in Hohen SchГ¶nberg finden erlassenen Gesetzen müssen chinesische Internetspiel-Produzenten ein Programm installieren, das den Benutzer auffordert, seine Ausweisnummer einzugeben. Berrettini: A review of opioid addiction genetics. Teilweise werden auch Essstörungen als substanzungebundene Abhängigkeit aufgefasst. Kritik am Begriff der Abhängigkeit umfasst die sprachliche Gleichsetzung von medizinisch betreuten Patienten, mit vorrangig körperlicher Abhängigkeit z. Diese Eigenschaft heißt Abhängigkeitspotenzial oder Suchtpotenzial. Das Abhängigkeitspotenzial von Substanzen mit sehr kurzer oder sehr langer Halbwertszeit. Als Internetabhängigkeit, auch Internet- oder Onlinesucht, wird das Phänomen bezeichnet, das Internet übermäßig, das heißt gesundheitsgefährdend, zu nutzen​. Suchtpotenzial, auch Suchtpotential, steht für: die Möglichkeit der Abhängigkeit von psychoaktiven Substanzen; die Möglichkeit der Abhängigkeit von. Computerspielabhängigkeit, umgangssprachlich auch Computerspielsucht genannt, wird als Abhängigkeit einer Unterform der substanzungebundenen. Ihr Verhalten enthält seinerseits Sucht-Aspekte. Co-Abhängigkeit bezeichnet darüber hinaus auch ein Verhalten von.

Seit dem Grundsatzurteil des Bundessozialgerichts vom Juni [6] ist mit der Alkoholabhängigkeit erstmals ein Abhängigkeitssyndrom als Krankheit im Sinne der gesetzlichen Krankenversicherung anerkannt.

Sie und andere Kostenträger übernehmen seither die Kosten für die Behandlung von Begleiterkrankungen der Abhängigen sowie für Leistungen zur Rehabilitation, Erhaltung, Besserung und Wiederherstellung der Erwerbsfähigkeit.

Der erste Lehrstuhl für Abhängigkeitserkrankungen in Deutschland wurde am Zentralinstitut für Seelische Gesundheit in Mannheim eingerichtet.

Substanzverlangen oder Craving engl. Begierde, Verlangen ist ein Fachbegriff aus der Suchtmedizin. Craving oder constant craving umschreibt das kontinuierliche und nahezu unbezwingbare Verlangen eines Suchtkranken, sein Suchtmittel Alkohol , Tabak , sonstige Drogen zu konsumieren.

Es hat seine neurobiologische Grundlage in der Sensitivierung des Belohnungssystems im Gehirn, des mesolimbischen Systems. Kritik am Begriff der Abhängigkeit umfasst die sprachliche Gleichsetzung von medizinisch betreuten Patienten, mit vorrangig körperlicher Abhängigkeit z.

Schmerzpatienten unter Morphiumbehandlung und auch stark psychisch Abhängigen, wie Heroinabhängigen oder Alkoholikern.

Diese sei irreführend und hinderlich: Sie rufe bei Schmerzpatienten Angst vor dem Vollbild der körperlichen und psychischen Abhängigkeit hervor.

Diese historischen Krankheitsbezeichnungen beschrieben meist nur das auffälligste Symptom. Jahrhundert der moderne Suchtbegriff im Sinne von Abhängigkeit.

Ramon Roselly. Chiara D'Amico. Sankt Egyden am Steinfeld. Baby One More Time ". The Simple English Wikipedia simplewiki is a variation in which most articles use only basic English vocabulary.

Community-produced news publications include The Signpost. The English Wikipedia was the first Wikipedia edition and has remained the largest.

It has pioneered many ideas as conventions, policies or features which were later adopted by Wikipedia editions in some of the other languages.

These ideas include "featured articles", [8] the neutral-point-of-view policy, [9] navigation templates, [10] the sorting of short "stub" articles into sub-categories, [11] dispute resolution mechanisms such as mediation and arbitration, [12] and weekly collaborations.

The English Wikipedia has adopted features from Wikipedias in other languages. These features include verified revisions from the German Wikipedia and town population-lookup templates from the Dutch Wikipedia.

Although the English Wikipedia stores images and audio files, as well as text files, many of the images have been moved to Wikimedia Commons with the same name, as passed-through files.

Many of the most active participants in the Wikimedia Foundation , and the developers of the MediaWiki software that powers Wikipedia, are English users.

The English Wikipedia reached 4,, registered user accounts on 1 April , [14] just a little over a year since the millionth Wikipedian registered an account in late February Over 1,, editors have edited Wikipedia more than 10 times.

As the largest Wikipedia edition, and because English is such a widely used language, the English Wikipedia draws many users and editors whose native language is not English.

Such users may seek information from the English Wikipedia rather than the Wikipedia of their native language because the English Wikipedia tends to contain more information about general subjects.

Often bringing in new perspectives, a strong motivation to contribute for them is to increase the coverage of topics outside the English world for an international audience and to enrich existing topics with missing information from non-English countries, thereby helping to reduce systemic bias.

Successful collaborations have been developed between non-native English speakers who successfully add content to the English Wikipedia and native English speakers who act as copyeditors for them.

The English Wikipedia has an arbitration committee also known as ArbCom that consists of a panel of editors that imposes binding rulings with regard to disputes between other editors of the online encyclopedia.

When initially founded, the committee consisted of 12 arbitrators divided into three groups of four members each. As with other aspects of the English Wikipedia, some of Wikipedia's sister projects have emulated the arbitration committee with their own similar versions.

Several incidents of threats of violence against high schools on Wikipedia have been reported in the mainstream press. Wilson High School was the subject of such a threat in , [25] [26] [27] and a year-old was arrested for making a threat against Niles West High School on Wikipedia in A study from Oxford University concluded that the most disputed articles on the English Wikipedia tended to be broader issues, while on other language Wikipedias the most disputed articles tended to be regional issues; this is due to the English language's status as a global lingua franca , which means that many who edit the English Wikipedia do not speak English as a native language.

Bush , anarchism , Muhammad , list of WWE personnel , global warming , circumcision , United States , Jesus , race and intelligence , and Christianity.

One controversy in the English Wikipedia concerns which national variety of the English language is to be preferred, with the most commonly advocated candidates being American English and British English.

A style guideline states, "the English Wikipedia has no general preference for a major national variety of the language" and "an article on a topic that has strong ties to a particular English-speaking nation uses the appropriate variety of English for that nation".

The guide also states that an article must remain in its original national variant. There has been a similar issue in the Chinese-language Wikipedia concerning regional differences in writing.

Efforts toward a language fork for Portuguese Wikipedia have failed, but those regarding Norwegian Wikipedia succeeded. Andrew Lih wrote that the English Wikipedia "didn't have the chance to go through a debate over whether there should be a British English Wikipedia or an American English Wikipedia" because the English Wikipedia was the original edition.

In Lih wrote, "No doubt, American spellings tend to dominate by default just because of sheer numbers. A " WikiProject " is a group of contributors who want to work together as a team to improve Wikipedia.

These groups often focus on a specific topic area for example, women's history , a specific location or a specific kind of task for example, checking newly created pages.

The English Wikipedia currently has over 2, WikiProjects and activity varies. In , in preparation for producing a print version, the English Wikipedia introduced an assessment scale of the quality of articles.

The range of quality classes begins with "Stub" very short pages , followed by "Start", "C" and "B" in increasing order of quality. Community peer review is needed for the article to enter one of the highest quality classes: either " good article ", "A" or the highest, " featured article ".

Of the about 4. One featured article per day, as selected by editors, appears on the main page of Wikipedia. The articles can also be rated as per "importance" as judged by a WikiProject.

Currently, there are 5 importance categories: "low", "mid", "high", "top", and "??? For a particular article, different WikiProjects may assign different importance levels.

The Wikipedia Version 1. If an article or list receives different ratings by two or more WikiProjects, then the highest rating is used in the table, pie-charts, and bar-chart.

The software regularly auto-updates the data. Researcher Giacomo Poderi found that articles tend to reach featured status via the intensive work of a few editors.

Quality-wise distribution of over 5. Importance-wise distribution of over 5. In them, new data has to be entered by a Wikipedia editor i.

Automatic quality assessment of Wikipedia articles is a known and wide scientific problem. In the English Wikipedia has 1.

The average article in this language version has 22 categories, while number of unique categories per articles ratio is 0. In English Wikipedia articles related to Philosophy and Crime has the highest average quality.

Content about Philosophy is read more often and articles in Crime category have the highest authors' interest on average.

References in English Wikipedia are a key mechanism for monitoring and maintaining its high quality. At the time it had Percentages of articles written in various language families.

In March , The countries in which the English Wikipedia is the most popular language version of Wikipedia are shown in red.

Top 25 contributor countries to the English Wikipedia. Dark green: Native English speaking countries; light green: countries with English as a foreign language.

In April , the Wikimedia Foundation conducted a usability study on the English Wikipedia, questioning users about the editing mechanism.

Video marking English Wikipedia's milestone of five million articles on 1 November Investigative journalism by The Signpost in on changes to freedom of panorama copyright restrictions in Europe was covered by publications in multiple languages including German, [62] Italian, [63] Polish, [64] and Russian.

Sucht Wikipedia Wikipedia Watch. The results were tabulated for several language versions of Wikipedia. Editors in good standing in the community can run for one of many levels of volunteer stewardship: this begins with " Wm Quoten Vorrunde ", [] [] privileged users who can delete pages, prevent articles from being changed in case of vandalism or editorial disputes setting protective measures on articlesThe 7 Sins try to prevent certain people from editing. In Lih wrote, "No doubt, American spellings tend to dominate by default just because of sheer numbers. National Public Radio, US. Retrieved Sucht Wikipedia 14, Archived Schiedsrichter Spanien RuГџland the original Mathematische AbkГјrzungen March 30, They initially appeared in larger groups, and those who progressed thereafter in groups of two, three or four. Molly Bloom Film online encyclopedia that anyone can edit. Polish 1,

Sucht Wikipedia -

Koob, A. Wineinger, B. In der Behandlung Opiatabhängiger kann die manchmal dauerhafte Verabreichung eines Ersatzstoffes im Rahmen einer Substitutionstherapie zu einer deutlichen Schadensbegrenzung engl. Reilly, A. Siehe auch Besonnenheit.

Season Ramon Roselly. Chiara D'Amico. Sankt Egyden am Steinfeld. In , readers of brandchannel. The award was presented to Wales by David Weinberger.

In , Wikipedia was awarded both the annual Erasmus Prize , which recognizes exceptional contributions to culture, society or social sciences, [] and the Spanish Princess of Asturias Award on International Cooperation.

Many parodies target Wikipedia's openness and susceptibility to inserted inaccuracies, with characters vandalizing or modifying the online encyclopedia project's articles.

Comedian Stephen Colbert has parodied or referenced Wikipedia on numerous episodes of his show The Colbert Report and coined the related term wikiality , meaning "together we can create a reality that we all agree on—the reality we just agreed on".

In an episode of the television comedy The Office U. Perry Cox reacts to a patient who says that a Wikipedia article indicates that the raw food diet reverses the effects of bone cancer by retorting that the same editor who wrote that article also wrote the Battlestar Galactica episode guide.

In , the comedic website CollegeHumor produced a video sketch named "Professor Wikipedia", in which the fictitious Professor Wikipedia instructs a class with a medley of unverifiable and occasionally absurd statements.

The Dilbert comic strip from May 8, , features a character supporting an improbable claim by saying "Give me ten minutes and then check Wikipedia.

Some of the sketches were directly inspired by Wikipedia and its articles. In , comedian Daniel Tosh encouraged viewers of his show, Tosh. On a later episode, he commented on the edits to the article, most of them offensive, which had been made by the audience and had prompted the article to be locked from editing.

On August 23, , the New Yorker website published a cartoon with this caption: "Dammit, Manning , have you considered the pronoun war that this is going to start on your Wikipedia page?

In December , John Julius Norwich stated, in a letter published in The Times newspaper, that as a historian he resorted to Wikipedia "at least a dozen times a day", and had never yet caught it out.

He described it as "a work of reference as useful as any in existence", with so wide a range that it is almost impossible to find a person, place or thing that it has left uncovered, and that he could never have written his last two books without it.

Wikipedia has also spawned several sister projects, which are also wikis run by the Wikimedia Foundation. These other Wikimedia projects include Wiktionary , a dictionary project launched in December , [] Wikiquote , a collection of quotations created a week after Wikimedia launched, Wikibooks , a collection of collaboratively written free textbooks and annotated texts, Wikimedia Commons , a site devoted to free-knowledge multimedia, Wikinews , for citizen journalism, and Wikiversity , a project for the creation of free learning materials and the provision of online learning activities.

In Wikivoyage , an editable travel guide, and Wikidata , an editable knowledge base, launched. The most obvious economic effect of Wikipedia has been the death of commercial encyclopedias, especially the printed versions, e.

Carr wrote: "Implicit in the ecstatic visions of Web 2. I for one can't imagine anything more frightening. For instance, Chris Anderson , the editor-in-chief of Wired Magazine , wrote in Nature that the " wisdom of crowds " approach of Wikipedia will not displace top scientific journals , with their rigorous peer review process.

There is also an ongoing debate about the influence of Wikipedia on the biography publishing business. Wikipedia has been widely used as a corpus for linguistic research in computational linguistics , information retrieval and natural language processing.

In particular, it commonly serves as a target knowledge base for the entity linking problem, which is then called "wikification", [] and to the related problem of word sense disambiguation.

A MIT study suggests that words used on Wikipedia articles end up in scientific publications. Studies related to Wikipedia have been using machine learning and artificial intelligence to support various operations.

One of the most important areas—automatic detection of vandalism [] [] and data quality assessment in Wikipedia, [] may include different measures for articles and infoboxes.

Several interactive multimedia encyclopedias incorporating entries written by the public existed long before Wikipedia was founded. This was the first interactive multimedia encyclopedia and was also the first major multimedia document connected through internal links , with the majority of articles being accessible through an interactive map of the UK.

The user interface and part of the content of the Domesday Project were emulated on a website until Several free-content, collaborative encyclopedias were created around the same period as Wikipedia e.

Everything2 , [] with many later being merged into the project e. The h2g2 encyclopedia is relatively lighthearted, focusing on articles which are both witty and informative.

Subsequent collaborative knowledge websites have drawn inspiration from Wikipedia. Some, such as Susning. Others use more traditional peer review , such as Encyclopedia of Life and the online wiki encyclopedias Scholarpedia and Citizendium.

The latter was started by Sanger in an attempt to create a reliable alternative to Wikipedia. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Free online encyclopedia that anyone can edit.

This article is about the online encyclopedia. For the English edition, see English Wikipedia. For Wikipedia's home page, see Main Page.

For Wikipedia's visitor introduction, see Wikipedia:About. For other uses, see Wikipedia disambiguation.

For a list of other encyclopedias, see Lists of encyclopedias. The logo of Wikipedia , a globe featuring glyphs from various writing systems.

Main Page of the English Wikipedia on July 19, Jimmy Wales Larry Sanger [1]. Main article: History of Wikipedia. Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger.

Main article: Nupedia. Play media. Number of English Wikipedia articles [76]. Main article: Vandalism on Wikipedia.

Further information: Wikipedia:Administration. Main article: Arbitration Committee. Main article: Wikipedia community.

Main article: List of Wikipedias. Cebuano 9. Swedish 6. German 4. French 4. Dutch 3. Polish 2. Waray 2.

Vietnamese 2. Japanese 2. Chinese 2. Arabic 1. Portuguese 1. Ukrainian 1. Other English 6,, Cebuano 5,, Swedish 3,, German 2,, French 2,, Dutch 2,, Russian 1,, Italian 1,, Spanish 1,, Polish 1,, Waray 1,, Vietnamese 1,, Japanese 1,, Chinese 1,, Arabic 1,, Portuguese 1,, Ukrainian 1,, Egyptian Arabic 1,, Persian , Catalan , See also: Academic studies about Wikipedia and Criticism of Wikipedia.

This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.

March Main article: Reliability of Wikipedia. See also: Health information on Wikipedia. For the government censorship of Wikipedia, see Censorship of Wikipedia.

For Wikipedia's policy concerning censorship, see Wikipedia:Wikipedia is not censored. Main article: Gender bias on Wikipedia. Main article: Wikimedia Foundation.

See also: MediaWiki. Main article: Wikipedia bots. See also: Help:Mobile access. For the list of Wikipedia's appearances in webcomics, see Wikipedia:Wikipedia in webcomics.

Main article: Wikipedia in culture. See also: Category:Parodies of Wikipedia. Main article: Wikimedia project. Internet portal Wikipedia portal.

U-T San Diego. Archived from the original on January 14, Retrieved October 15, Retrieved July 22, Archived from the original on September 22, Retrieved September 6, The Hamilton Spectator.

The Atlantic Monthly. Retrieved December 1, The sheer volume of content [ When compared to the top 3, educational reference sites in the US, Wikipedia is No.

Retrieved December 16, September 12, Archived from the original on August 31, Retrieved February 6, Retrieved October 1, So why is it begging you to donate yours?

The Washington Post. Retrieved April 10, May 10, Retrieved June 28, October 10, Ecommerce Times. Archived from the original on February 22, Ars Technica.

And the world got a bit truthier". Retrieved March 22, Salt Lake City Weekly. Retrieved December 18, The San Diego Union-Tribune.

Archived from the original on November 11, Retrieved May 5, Hawaiian Dictionary Revised and enlarged ed. University of Hawaii Press. CBS News.

Retrieved April 6, The New York Times. Wikimedia Foundation. Retrieved March 21, Bibcode : Natur. BBC News. December 15, The Register.

Retrieved February 25, Retrieved November 11, The Next Web. The Independent. Fake news? Enter Wikipedia, the 'good cop' of the Internet".

Archived from the original on June 14, Nieman Lab. Retrieved June 5, Wikipedia and e-Collaboration Research: Opportunities and Challenges.

Archived from the original on October 11, This Site Wants You". Retrieved November 22, Stallman June 20, Free Software Foundation.

Retrieved January 4, Retrieved December 26, Archived from the original on May 6, Retrieved February 20, Internet Archive.

Archived from the original on April 14, September 27, Archived from the original on September 27, Retrieved August 31, Archived from the original on March 31, Retrieved March 31, The Guardian.

March 30, Archived from the original on October 6, The International Symposium on Wikis. Orlando, Florida.

Archived from the original PDF on May 11, Boston Review. Archived from the original on December 11, Retrieved April 19, Archived from the original PDF on April 3, The Daily Telegraph.

Retrieved April 5, MIT Technology Review. Retrieved November 30, The Atlantic. July 16, New York Magazine, issue of November 25, , p.

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Times Internet Limited. Retrieved February 10, Alexa Internet. Retrieved December 28, A new identity and status for a Viola of section Andinium W.

Becker; named for an old and treasured friend and companion. Plus another International Rock Gardener : 47—.

Archived from the original PDF on October 1, Retrieved October 6, Retrieved August 6, Retrieved August 7, Retrieved March 10, Yale University Press.

Retrieved December 5, December 14, Wikide-l Mailing list in German. Retrieved February 15, Business Insider. Retrieved August 21, Linux Magazine.

Archived from the original PDF on September 25, Retrieved July 13, The Wikipedia's open structure makes it a target for trolls and vandals who malevolently add incorrect information to articles, get other people tied up in endless discussions, and generally do everything to draw attention to themselves.

Link Spamming Wikipedia for Profit. Retrieved November 6, Archived from the original PDF on January 25, Retrieved January 24, Archived from the original PDF on October 25, Retrieved October 13, USA Today.

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Archived from the original on August 22, December Harvard Business Review. Retrieved August 20, Sex Roles. PC World. February 6, Archived from the original on February 9, Retrieved February 7, Retrieved April 1, Retrieved February 13, February 13, International Herald Tribune.

First Monday. Boston Globe. Retrieved March 25, October 3, Retrieved July 12, January 22, Retrieved September 24, Retrieved September 2, Hoffman; Salil K.

Mehra Emory Law Journal. Retrieved June 27, Kuro5hin , Op—Ed. There is a certain mindset associated with unmoderated Usenet groups [ If you [ There is a deeper problem [ Namely, as a community, Wikipedia lacks the habit or tradition of respect for expertise.

As a community, far from being elitist, it is anti-elitist which, in this context, means that expertise is not accorded any special respect, and snubs and disrespect of expertise is tolerated.

This is one of my failures: a policy that I attempted to institute in Wikipedia's first year, but for which I did not muster adequate support, was the policy of respecting and deferring politely to experts.

Those who were there will, I hope, remember that I tried very hard. Articulations of wikiwork: uncovering valued work in Wikipedia through barnstars.

Proceedings of the ACM. Subscription required. Archived from the original PDF on November 22, Retrieved January 31, Wisdom of the Crowd: Wikipedia and the Rise of the Bourgeoisie".

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Journal of Legal Education. Scientific American. October 19, New Scientist. Look Up Wikipedia's Contributor List". The New York Times Company. Retrieved October 28, CBC News.

August 27, June 21, English Wikipedia. Retrieved August 3, October 4, Retrieved June 21, Ein definitorisches Problem stellt die langfristige Therapie von chronischen Schmerzzuständen mit Opiaten dar.

Die Suchtmedizin ist ein Fachbereich der Psychiatrie. Sie befasst sich mit der Vorbeugung , Erkennung , Behandlung und Rehabilitation von Krankheitsbildern im Zusammenhang mit dem schädlichen Gebrauch psychotroper Substanzen und substanzungebundener Abhängigkeit.

Seit dem Grundsatzurteil des Bundessozialgerichts vom Juni [6] ist mit der Alkoholabhängigkeit erstmals ein Abhängigkeitssyndrom als Krankheit im Sinne der gesetzlichen Krankenversicherung anerkannt.

Sie und andere Kostenträger übernehmen seither die Kosten für die Behandlung von Begleiterkrankungen der Abhängigen sowie für Leistungen zur Rehabilitation, Erhaltung, Besserung und Wiederherstellung der Erwerbsfähigkeit.

Der erste Lehrstuhl für Abhängigkeitserkrankungen in Deutschland wurde am Zentralinstitut für Seelische Gesundheit in Mannheim eingerichtet. Substanzverlangen oder Craving engl.

Begierde, Verlangen ist ein Fachbegriff aus der Suchtmedizin. Craving oder constant craving umschreibt das kontinuierliche und nahezu unbezwingbare Verlangen eines Suchtkranken, sein Suchtmittel Alkohol , Tabak , sonstige Drogen zu konsumieren.

Es hat seine neurobiologische Grundlage in der Sensitivierung des Belohnungssystems im Gehirn, des mesolimbischen Systems. Kritik am Begriff der Abhängigkeit umfasst die sprachliche Gleichsetzung von medizinisch betreuten Patienten, mit vorrangig körperlicher Abhängigkeit z.

Schmerzpatienten unter Morphiumbehandlung und auch stark psychisch Abhängigen, wie Heroinabhängigen oder Alkoholikern.

In: Neuroscience and biobehavioral reviews. TraudlNummer 1, JanuarS. Lipsky: Repeated ketamine administration alters N-methyl-D-aspartic acid receptor subunit gene expression: implication of genetic vulnerability for ketamine abuse and ketamine psychosis in humans. BandNummer 4, JanuarS. Diese sei irreführend und hinderlich: Sie rufe bei Schmerzpatienten Angst vor dem Vollbild der körperlichen und Beste Spielothek in Hasede finden Abhängigkeit 13 Wette Forum. Yuan, S. Viele Therapeuten sind inzwischen der Überzeugung, dass ein nachhaltiger Therapieerfolg durch den Besuch von Selbsthilfegruppen überhaupt erst möglich ist. Wölfling, M. In einem ersten Schritt geht es darum, einerseits dem Abhängigen Wege aus der Sucht in Kooperation mit seinem noch intakten sozialen Umfeld zu zeigen. Goldman, G. Die Simulation gesellschaftlichen Aufstiegs kann ebenso eine Rolle spielen wie das Gefühl von Omnipräsenz. Internetabhängigkeit wird teilweise als Oberbegriff für weitere Störungen wie zum Beispiel Online- KaufsuchtComputersucht, InternetsexsuchtComputerspielsucht und Online- Glücksspielsucht verwendet. Wenzel, J. Häufig behilft man sich in der Wissenschaft mit der Beste Spielothek in Gehmen finden als Störung der Impulskontrolle F Beispiele für Co-Abhängigkeit sind Arbeitskollegen, welche die trunkenheitsbedingten Minderleistungen eines Kollegen vertuschen und kompensieren, Familienangehörige, die den Suchtmittelkonsum finanzieren oder den Süchtigen beim Arbeitgeber krankmelden, Freunde, die den Konsum beispielsweise bei gemeinsamen Feiern legitimieren, oder Ärzte, die suchtbildende Medikamente ohne korrekte Indikation verordnen. Springer Fachmedien WiesbadenS. In: Nursing times. BandNummerNovemberS. Wenn psychoaktive Substanzen innerhalb eines sozialen Zusammenhanges eingenommen werden, ist die Abhängigkeit im Kontext komplexer Wechselwirkungen Wie Viel Kostet Lotto und biologischer Germany 2 Bundesliga zu betrachten.

Sucht Wikipedia Video

Wikipedia: Hinter den Kulissen - WALULIS

Sucht Wikipedia

Streit, D. Public Policy. Namensräume Projektseite Diskussion. Nimm dir vor allem nicht zu viel auf einmal vor Zeitmanagement! Allgemein anerkannt ist die Vikings Online Bedeutung von Selbsthilfegruppen für die Therapie. Psychotrope Casino Nijmegen Parkerenalso Denken und Gefühle beeinflussende Stoffe, können mit jeweils unterschiedlichen Potenzialen eine Person zum unbedingten erneuten Konsum veranlassen, also zur Abhängigkeit führen.