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Auf Platz Zwei folgt die Türkei im Länderranking vor Griechenland und Ägypten. Bulgarien erfreut sich wenig Beliebtheit und landet auf dem letzten Platz. Das hat. Urlaub in Kroatien, Türkei, Spanien - wo ist es am sichersten? Vor diesen Für manche Regionen – wie in Spanien – werden sogar erneut. Mit einem Sieg für jede Mannschaft wurde ein Entscheidungsspiel anberaumt. Entscheidungsspiel in Rom: Turkei Türkei, -, Spanien Spanien, Die größte Gruppe unter den türkischen Juden bilden die Sepharden aus Spanien und Portugal mit ca. 96 %. Es gibt in der Türkei auch Aschkenasen, die aus. Flüge von Spanien nach Türkei schon ab 80 € (Preis vom ) ✅ Jetzt beim Testsieger idealo günstige Flüge finden, vergleichen und buchen!
Deutsche Tourismusexperten in Izmir: "Corona-Risiko der Türkei nicht größer als in Spanien und Italien". print. Uhr. Deutsche. Momentan gibt es in der Türkei noch eine Reisewarnung. Die Reise könnte Urlaub in Spanien: Trotz Corona auf Mallorca im Juli entspannen. iset-ti.be - Buy Minderheitenpolitik der Turkei und Spaniens: Ein Vergleich zwischen den Minderheiten der Basken in Spanien und der Kurden in der Turkei.
The distribution of powers may be different for every community, as laid out in their Statutes of Autonomy, since devolution was intended to be asymmetrical.
Only two communities—the Basque Country and Navarre—have full fiscal autonomy. Beyond fiscal autonomy, the nationalities —Andalusia, the Basque Country, Catalonia, and Galicia—were devolved more powers than the rest of the communities, among them the ability of the regional president to dissolve the parliament and call for elections at any time.
Nonetheless, recent amendments to existing Statutes of Autonomy or the promulgation of new Statutes altogether, have reduced the asymmetry between the powers originally granted to the nationalities and the rest of the regions.
Finally, along with the 17 autonomous communities, two autonomous cities are also part of the State of Autonomies and are first-order territorial divisions: Ceuta and Melilla.
These are two exclaves located in the northern African coast. Autonomous communities are divided into provinces , which served as their territorial building blocks.
In turn, provinces are divided into municipalities. The existence of both the provinces and the municipalities is guaranteed and protected by the constitution, not necessarily by the Statutes of Autonomy themselves.
Municipalities are granted autonomy to manage their internal affairs, and provinces are the territorial divisions designed to carry out the activities of the State.
The current provincial division structure is based—with minor changes—on the territorial division by Javier de Burgos , and in all, the Spanish territory is divided into 50 provinces.
The communities of Asturias, Cantabria, La Rioja, the Balearic Islands, Madrid, Murcia and Navarre are the only communities that comprise a single province, which is coextensive with the community itself.
In these cases, the administrative institutions of the province are replaced by the governmental institutions of the community. After the return of democracy following the death of Franco in , Spain's foreign policy priorities were to break out of the diplomatic isolation of the Franco years and expand diplomatic relations , enter the European Community , and define security relations with the West.
As a member of NATO since , Spain has established itself as a participant in multilateral international security activities. Spain's EU membership represents an important part of its foreign policy.
Even on many international issues beyond western Europe, Spain prefers to co-ordinate its efforts with its EU partners through the European political co-operation mechanisms.
Spain has maintained its special relations with Hispanic America and the Philippines. Its policy emphasises the concept of an Ibero-American community, essentially the renewal of the concept of " Hispanidad " or " Hispanismo " , as it is often referred to in English, which has sought to link the Iberian Peninsula with Hispanic America through language, commerce, history and culture.
It is fundamentally "based on shared values and the recovery of democracy. Spain claims Gibraltar , a 6-square-kilometre 2. Then a Spanish town, it was conquered by an Anglo-Dutch force in during the War of the Spanish Succession on behalf of Archduke Charles , pretender to the Spanish throne.
The legal situation concerning Gibraltar was settled in by the Treaty of Utrecht , in which Spain ceded the territory in perpetuity to the British Crown  stating that, should the British abandon this post, it would be offered to Spain first.
Since the s Spain has called for the return of Gibraltar. The overwhelming majority of Gibraltarians strongly oppose this, along with any proposal of shared sovereignty.
The Spanish claim makes a distinction between the isthmus that connects the Rock to the Spanish mainland on the one hand, and the Rock and city of Gibraltar on the other.
While the Rock and city were ceded by the Treaty of Utrecht, Spain asserts that the "occupation of the isthmus is illegal and against the principles of International Law ".
Another claim by Spain is about the Savage Islands , part of Portugal. In clash with the Portuguese position, Spain claims that they are rocks rather than islands, and therefore Spain does not accept any extension of the Portuguese Exclusive Economic Zone nautical miles generated by the islands, while acknowledging the Selvagens having territorial waters 12 nautical miles.
On 5 July , Spain sent a letter to the UN expressing these views. Spain claims the sovereignty over the Perejil Island , a small, uninhabited rocky islet located in the South shore of the Strait of Gibraltar.
Its sovereignty is disputed between Spain and Morocco. It was the subject of an armed incident between the two countries in The incident ended when both countries agreed to return to the status quo ante which existed prior to the Moroccan occupation of the island.
The islet is now deserted and without any sign of sovereignty. Portugal does not recognise Spain's sovereignty over the territory of Olivenza which was annexed by Spain in after the War of the Oranges.
Portugal stance has been the territory being de iure Portuguese territory and de facto Spanish. The Spanish Armed Forces are divided into three branches: .
Military conscription was suppressed in Since , CO2 emissions have risen notably, not reaching the reduction emissions promised in the Kyoto Protocol for fighting climate change.
In the period — more than half of the years have been qualified as dry or very dry. Spain is the country in Europe more exposed to climate change effects, according to Al Gore.
Electricity from renewable sources in Spain represented The country has a very large wind power capability built up over many years and is one of the world leaders in wind power generation.
Spain also positioned itself as a European leader in Solar power, by — the country was second only to Germany in installed capacity.
Spain's capitalist mixed economy is the 14th largest worldwide and the 5th largest in the European Union , as well as the Eurozone 's 4th largest.
Unemployment stood at By the mids the economy had commenced the growth that had been disrupted by the global recession of the early s.
The strong economic growth helped the government to reduce the government debt as a percentage of GDP and Spain's high unemployment rate began to steadily decline.
With the government budget in balance and inflation under control Spain was admitted into the Eurozone in Since the s some Spanish companies have gained multinational status, often expanding their activities in culturally close Latin America.
Spain is the second biggest foreign investor there, after the United States. Spanish companies have also expanded into Asia, especially China and India.
The reason for this early expansion is the booming interest towards Spanish language and culture in Asia and Africa and a corporate culture that learned to take risks in unstable markets.
In the Economist Intelligence Unit 's quality of life survey placed Spain among the top 10 in the world. The automotive industry is one of the largest employers in the country.
In Spain was the 8th largest automobile producer country in the world and the 2nd largest car manufacturer in Europe after Germany.
By , the automotive industry was generating 8. Crop areas were farmed in two highly diverse manners.
They included the humid regions of the north and the northwest, as well as vast arid zones that had not been irrigated.
More than half of the irrigated area was planted in corn , fruit trees , and vegetables. Other agricultural products that benefited from irrigation included grapes, cotton, sugar beets , potatoes, legumes , olive trees , mangos, strawberries , tomatoes, and fodder grasses.
Citrus fruits , vegetables, cereal grains , olive oil , and wine—Spain's traditional agricultural products—continued to be important in the s.
Because of the changed diet of an increasingly affluent population, there was a notable increase in the consumption of livestock, poultry, and dairy products.
Increased attention to livestock was the reason that Spain became a net importer of grains. Ideal growing conditions, combined with proximity to important north European markets, made citrus fruits Spain's leading export.
Fresh vegetables and fruits produced through intensive irrigation farming also became important export commodities, as did sunflower seed oil that was produced to compete with the more expensive olive oils in oversupply throughout the Mediterranean countries of the European Community.
In , Spain was the second most visited country in the world, recording 82 million tourists which marked the fifth consecutive year of record-beating numbers.
Spain's geographic location, popular coastlines, diverse landscapes, historical legacy, vibrant culture, and excellent infrastructure has made the country's international tourist industry among the largest in the world.
Castile and Leon is the Spanish leader in rural tourism linked to its environmental and architectural heritage. Spain is one of the world's leading countries in the development and production of renewable energy.
Non-renewable energy sources used in Spain are nuclear 8 operative reactors , gas , coal , and oil. Spain has the most extensive high-speed rail network in Europe, and the second-most extensive in the world after China.
There are 47 public airports in Spain. Also, more than 30 airports with the number of passengers below 4 million.
In the 19th and 20th centuries, science in Spain was held back by severe political instability and consequent economic underdevelopment. Despite the conditions, some important scientists and engineers emerged.
It ranked as the 5th top governmental scientific institution worldwide and 32nd overall in the SCImago Institutions Rankings.
Since , the Mobile World Congress has taken place in Barcelona. With the exception of the region surrounding the capital, Madrid , the most populated areas lie around the coast.
In , the average total fertility rate TFR across Spain was 1. In , Spain granted citizenship to 84, persons, mostly to people from Ecuador, Colombia and Morocco.
They reside primarily on the Mediterranean coast and the Balearic islands, where many choose to live their retirement or telecommute.
Substantial populations descended from Spanish colonists and immigrants exist in other parts of the world, most notably in Latin America. Beginning in the late 15th century, large numbers of Iberian colonists settled in what became Latin America and at present most white Latin Americans who make up about one-third of Latin America's population are of Spanish or Portuguese origin.
Around , Spaniards emigrated in the 16th century, mostly to Peru and Mexico. During the same period perhaps , went to Latin America.
The Spanish Constitution of , in its second article, recognises several contemporary entities — nationalities — [m] and regions, within the context of the Spanish nation.
Spain has been described as a de facto plurinational state. In some cases some of the territorial identities may conflict with the dominant Spanish culture.
Distinct traditional identities within Spain include the Basques , Catalans , Galicians , Andalusians and Valencians ,  although to some extent all of the 17 autonomous communities may claim a distinct local identity.
It is this last feature of "shared identity" between the more local level or autonomous community and the Spanish level which makes the identity question in Spain complex and far from univocal.
Spain has a number of descendants of populations from former colonies, especially Latin America and North Africa. Smaller numbers of immigrants from several Sub-Saharan countries have recently been settling in Spain.
There are also sizeable numbers of Asian immigrants, most of whom are of Middle Eastern, South Asian and Chinese origin. The single largest group of immigrants are European; represented by large numbers of Romanians, Britons, Germans , French and others.
The arrival of the gitanos , a Romani people , began in the 16th century; estimates of the Spanish Roma population range from , to over one million.
Their origin is unclear. Historically, Sephardi Jews and Moriscos are the main minority groups originated in Spain and with a contribution to Spanish culture.
According to the Spanish government there were 5. According to residence permit data for , more than , were Romanian, about , were Moroccan , approximately , were British, and , were Ecuadorian.
This sudden and ongoing inflow of immigrants, particularly those arriving illegally by sea, has caused noticeable social tension.
Within the EU, Spain had the 2nd highest immigration rate in percentage terms after Cyprus , but by a great margin, the highest in absolute numbers, up to Another statistically significant factor is the large number of residents of EU origin typically retiring to Spain's Mediterranean coast.
In fact, Spain was Europe's largest absorber of migrants from to , with its immigrant population more than doubling as 2.
In , the government instituted a "Plan of Voluntary Return" which encouraged unemployed immigrants from outside the EU to return to their home countries and receive several incentives, including the right to keep their unemployment benefits and transfer whatever they contributed to the Spanish Social Security.
In alone, more than half a million people left Spain. Spain is legally multilingual,  and the constitution establishes that the nation will protect "all Spaniards and the peoples of Spain in the exercise of human rights, their cultures and traditions, languages and institutions.
The constitution also establishes that "the other Spanish languages"—that is, the other languages of Spain—will also be official in their respective autonomous communities in accordance to their Statutes , their organic regional legislations, and that the "richness of the distinct linguistic modalities of Spain represents a patrimony which will be the object of special respect and protection.
Occitan is spoken by less than 5, people, only in the small region of Val d'Aran. In the North African Spanish autonomous city of Melilla , Riff Berber is spoken by a significant part of the population.
Similarly, in Ceuta Darija Arabic is spoken by a significant percentage of the population. In the tourist areas of the Mediterranean coast and the islands, English and German are widely spoken by tourists, foreign residents, and tourism workers.
State education in Spain is free and compulsory from the age of six to sixteen. The institute was inspired by the philosophy of Krausism. The health care system of Spain Spanish National Health System is considered one of the best in the world, in 7th position in the ranking elaborated by the World Health Organization.
Roman Catholicism , which has a long history in Spain, remains the dominant religion. Although it no longer has official status by law, in all public schools in Spain students have to choose either a religion or ethics class.
Catholicism is the religion most commonly taught, although the teaching of Islam,  Judaism,  and evangelical Christianity  is also recognised in law.
Most Spaniards do not participate regularly in religious services. The Spanish constitution enshrines secularism in governance, as well as freedom of religion or belief for all, saying that no religion should have a "state character," while allowing for the state to "cooperate" with religious groups.
There have been four Spanish Popes. Later, they became Doctors of the Church. The Society of Jesus was co-founded by Ignatius of Loyola , whose Spiritual Exercises and movement led to the establishment of hundreds of colleges and universities in the world, including 28 in the United States alone.
Protestant churches have about 1,, members. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints has approximately 46, adherents in congregations in all regions of the country and has a temple in the Moratalaz District of Madrid.
The vast majority was composed of immigrants and descendants originating from Morocco and other African countries. The recent waves of immigration have also led to an increasing number of Hindus , Buddhists , Sikhs and Muslims.
After the Reconquista in , Muslims did not live in Spain for centuries. Late 19th-century colonial expansion in northwestern Africa gave a number of residents in Spanish Morocco and Western Sahara full citizenship.
Their ranks have since been bolstered by recent immigration, especially from Morocco and Algeria. Judaism was practically non-existent in Spain from the expulsion until the 19th century, when Jews were again permitted to enter the country.
Currently there are around 62, Jews in Spain, or 0. Most are arrivals in the past century, while some are descendants of earlier Spanish Jews. Approximately 80, Jews are thought to have lived in Spain prior to its expulsion.
Other sources suggest , converts mostly after the pogroms of and upwards of , expelled. Descendants of these Sephardic Jews expelled in are given Spanish nationality if they request it.
Spain is a Western country. Almost every aspect of Spanish life is permeated by its Roman heritage, making Spain one of the major Latin countries of Europe.
Spanish culture is marked by strong historic ties to Catholicism, which played a pivotal role in the country's formation and subsequent identity.
Spanish art, architecture, cuisine, and music have been shaped by successive waves of foreign invaders, as well as by the country's Mediterranean climate and geography.
The centuries-long colonial era globalised Spanish language and culture, with Spain also absorbing the cultural and commercial products of its diverse empire.
Spain has 47 World Heritage Sites. The earliest recorded examples of vernacular Romance-based literature date from the same time and location, the rich mix of Muslim, Jewish, and Christian cultures in Muslim Spain, in which Maimonides, Averroes, and others worked, the Kharjas Jarchas.
During the Reconquista , the epic poem Cantar de Mio Cid was written about a real man—his battles, conquests, and daily life. The Valencian chivalric romance Tirant lo Blanch written in Valencian is also remarkable.
The Baroque is the most important period for Spanish culture. We are in the times of the Spanish Empire. Realism offered depictions of contemporary life and society 'as they were'.
In the spirit of general "Realism", Realist authors opted for depictions of everyday and banal activities and experiences, instead of romanticised or stylised presentations.
The group that has become known as the Generation of was marked by the destruction of Spain's fleet in Cuba by US gunboats in , which provoked a cultural crisis in Spain.
The "Disaster" of led established writers to seek practical political, economic, and social solutions in essays grouped under the literary heading of Regeneracionismo.
The Generation of or Novecentismo. The next supposed "generation" of Spanish writers following those of '98 already calls into question the value of such terminology.
While still driven by the national and existential questions that obsessed the writers of '98, they approached these topics with a greater sense of distance and objectivity.
Salvador de Madariaga , another prominent intellectual and writer, was one of the founders of the College of Europe and the composer of the constitutive manifest of the Liberal International.
All were scholars of their national literary heritage, again evidence of the impact of the calls of regeneracionistas and the Generation of for Spanish intelligence to turn at least partially inwards.
Spain is one of the countries with the most number of laureates with the Nobel Prize in Literature , and with Latin American laureates they made the Spanish language literature one of the most laureates of all.
Saramago was also well known by his Iberist ideas. The Generation of '50 are also known as the children of the civil war.
Seneca was a philosopher residing in Spain during the time of the Roman Empire. During the period of Muslim rule in Al-Andalus , Muslim, Jewish and Christian philosophies flourished, including the works of such philosophers such as Ibn Arabi , Averroes and Maimonides.
The Enlightenment in Spain arrived later and was less strong than in other European countries, but during the XIX century liberal ideas arrived in Spanish society.
At the end of the century, socialist and libertarian ideas also flourished, with thinkers such as Francisco Pi i Margall , Ricardo Mella and Francisco Ferrer Guardia.
Contemporary philosophers include Fernando Savater and Adela Cortina , creator of the term aporophobia. Artists from Spain have been highly influential in the development of various European and American artistic movements.
Due to historical, geographical and generational diversity, Spanish art has known a great number of influences. The Mediterranean heritage with Greco-Roman and some Moorish and influences in Spain, especially in Andalusia , is still evident today.
There are many other autochthonous styles such as the Pre-Romanesque art and architecture , Herrerian architecture or the Isabelline Gothic.
Francisco Goya painted during a historical period that includes the Spanish Independence War , the fights between liberals and absolutists, and the rise of contemporary nations-states.
The Plateresque style extended from beginnings of the 16th century until the last third of the century and its stylistic influence pervaded the works of all great Spanish artists of the time.
Spanish cinema has achieved major international success including Oscars for recent films such as Pan's Labyrinth and Volver.
Due to its historical and geographical diversity, Spanish architecture has drawn from a host of influences.
Simultaneously, the Christian kingdoms gradually emerged and developed their own styles; developing a pre-Romanesque style when for a while isolated from contemporary mainstream European architectural influences during the earlier Middle Ages, they later integrated the Romanesque and Gothic streams.
There was then an extraordinary flowering of the Gothic style that resulted in numerous instances being built throughout the entire territory.
The arrival of Modernism in the academic arena produced much of the architecture of the 20th century. Spain is currently experiencing a revolution in contemporary architecture and Spanish architects like Rafael Moneo , Santiago Calatrava , Ricardo Bofill as well as many others have gained worldwide renown.
Spanish music is often considered abroad to be synonymous with flamenco , a West Andalusian musical genre, which, contrary to popular belief, is not widespread outside that region.
Pop, rock, hip hop and heavy metal are also popular. Vitoria-Gasteiz jazz festival is one of the main ones on its genre. The most popular traditional musical instrument , the guitar, originated in Spain.
Cibeles Madrid Fashion Week is one of the most important fashion weeks in Europe. Spanish cuisine consists of a great variety of dishes which stem from differences in geography, culture and climate.
It is heavily influenced by seafood available from the waters that surround the country, and reflects the country's deep Mediterranean roots.
Spain's extensive history with many cultural influences has led to a unique cuisine. In particular, three main divisions are easily identified:.
Food is traditionally conserved by salting, such as Spanish ham , or immersed in olive oil , such as Manchego cheese.
Atlantic Spain — the whole Northern coast, including Asturian , Basque , Cantabrian and Galician cuisine — vegetable and fish-based stews like caldo gallego and marmitako.
While varieties of football have been played in Spain as far back as Roman times, sport in Spain has been dominated by football since the early 20th century.
Real Madrid C. Basketball , tennis , cycling, handball , futsal , motorcycling and, lately, Formula One also can boast of Spanish champions.
Today, Spain is a major world sports powerhouse, especially since the Summer Olympics that were hosted in Barcelona , which stimulated a great deal of interest in sports in the country.
The tourism industry has led to an improvement in sports infrastructure, especially for water sports , golf and skiing.
In their respective regions, the traditional games of Basque pelota and Valencian pilota both are popular. Public holidays celebrated in Spain include a mix of religious Roman Catholic , national and regional observances.
Each municipality is allowed to declare a maximum of 14 public holidays per year; up to nine of these are chosen by the national government and at least two are chosen locally.
There are many festivals and festivities in Spain. Some of them are known worldwide, and every year millions of people from all over the world go to Spain to experience one of these festivals.
Its events were central to the plot of The Sun Also Rises, by Ernest Hemingway , which brought it to the general attention of English-speaking people.
As a result, it has become one of the most internationally renowned fiestas in Spain, with over 1,, people attending every year.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the country. For other uses, see Spain disambiguation.
Kingdom in Southwestern Europe. Show globe. Show map of Europe. Spanish Spaniard. Main article: History of Spain.
Main article: Prehistoric Iberia. Main articles: Hispania and Visigothic Kingdom. Main articles: Al-Andalus and Reconquista.
Main article: Spanish Empire. Main articles: Spanish transition to democracy and Spanish society after the democratic transition.
Main article: Geography of Spain. Main article: List of islands of Spain. Main article: Climate of Spain. Main article: Wildlife of Spain.
Main article: Politics of Spain. See also: Spanish Constitution of King Philip VI. Main article: Government of Spain. Main article: Human rights in Spain.
Main article: Political divisions of Spain. Main article: Autonomous communities of Spain. See also: Nationalities and regions of Spain.
La Rioja. Castilla— La Mancha. Basque Country. Balearic Islands. Canary Islands. Mediterranean Sea. Atlantic Ocean. Gibraltar UK.
Main articles: Provinces of Spain and Municipalities of Spain. Main article: Foreign relations of Spain.
Main article: Spanish Armed Forces. See also: Renewable energy in Spain. Main article: Economy of Spain.
Main article: Automotive industry in Spain. Main article: Agriculture in Spain. Main article: Tourism in Spain. Main article: Energy in Spain.
Main article: Transport in Spain. Main article: Science and technology in Spain. Main article: Demographics of Spain. See also: List of Spanish autonomous communities by population.
Main article: List of metropolitan areas in Spain. Main articles: Spanish people and National and regional identity in Spain.
Main article: Immigration to Spain. Main article: Languages of Spain. Main article: Education in Spain. Main articles: Health care in Spain and Abortion in Spain.
Main article: Religion in Spain. Main article: Culture of Spain. Main article: World Heritage Sites in Spain. See also: Castles in Spain and Cathedrals in Spain.
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Main article: Spanish art. Main article: Cinema of Spain. Main article: Spanish architecture. Main article: Music of Spain.
Main article: Spanish cuisine. Main article: Sport in Spain. Spain portal. The latter term is widely used by the government in national and international affairs of all kinds, including foreign treaties as well as national official documents, and is therefore recognised as the official name by many international organisations.
Aragonese , Asturian , and Occitan locally known as Aranese have some degree of official recognition. In the same period of time, the number of citizens with Spanish citizenship reached 42,, The number of foreigners i.
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See 'Travel'. We advise: Do not travel to Turkey. Wenn von einer Behörde eines Landes mehrere Meldungen gelistet werden, bedeutet dies, dass in diesem Land regionale Unterschiede in der Sicherheitslage bestehen.
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Aktuell liegen für Türkei Hinweise aus 9 Ländern vor. Die aktuelle Durschnittsbewertung liegt bei 3. Für Türkei liegen mehrere Reisehinweise vor.
Da der Warmwert über 3. Uns liegen aus 9 Ländern Reisehinweise für das Land Türkei vor. Türkei grenzt an 8 Nachbarstaaten über Land für dieses Land beträgt der Reisewarnindex 3,8 im Durchschnitt der Länderwerte.
Toggle navigation. Aktuelle Einschätzung: 3. Es werden aktuell 5. Reisewarnstufe: 2. Reisewarnstufe: 3 Avoid non-essential travel with regional advisories.
Zusammenfassung: Iaktta särskild försiktighet -. Reisewarnstufe: 3 Travel with higher caution.. Zusammenfassung: Avoid non-essential travel.
Reisewarnstufe: 4 Avoid non-essential travel. Reisewarnstufe: 4 Avoid all unnecessary travel.. Reisewarnstufe: 5 Do not travel.. Reisewarnstufe: 5 Do not travel.
Zusammenfassung: The Austrian Government advises again travelling Türkei. Reisewarnstufe: 5 Travel Warning.
Legende Extreme Warnstufe Indexwert: 4,5 - 5. Von Reisen wird dringend abgeraten. Oftmals wird bei dieser Warnstufe zum Verlassen der Länder aufgefordert.
Hohe Warnstufe Indexwert: 3,5 - 4,5. Reisen sollten auf ein notwendiges Minimum reduziert und unter hoher Wachsamkeit durchgeführt werden.
Mittlere Warnstufe Indexwert: 2,5 - 3,5.
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